El idioma saludable. 100% speaking ... Dilo, complementa en sus formaciones una metodología diferente con resultados rápidos y totalmente personalizados. info@dilodilo.es

Improve your Speaking online Episode 17, Introduction:

This week we bring new current topics in Episode 17 so you can improve your online speaking from home.


Topic 1: Easter Eggs

Why do we have easter eggs?

Easter is the most important date in the Christian calendar.

Episode 17

Easter is the most important date in the Christian calendar. Every year, Christians around the world remember Jesus’ crucifixion and celebrate his resurrection three days later.

But how did the egg come to represent Easter? In this article, Food Historian Sam Bilton takes a look at some of the theories, explores the traditions that have come and gone over the centuries, and shows you how to make your own traditional Easter Egg.



Throughout history, people across the world have given each other eggs at spring festivals to mark the seasons. Early Christians in Mesopotamia dyed eggs in the period after Easter. The practice was adopted by the Orthodox Churches, and from there it spread into Western Europe. Eggs represent new life and rebirth, and it’s thought that this ancient custom was absorbed into Easter celebrations.

During Lent, when Christians fasted to mark Jesus’ time in the wilderness, eggs were one of the foods that people weren’t allowed to eat (incidentally, this is why we make pancakes on Shrove Tuesday). So when Easter Sunday came around, tucking into an egg was a real treat.

Various traditions and superstitions sprang up around the egg at Easter. Eggs laid on Good Friday were said to turn into diamonds if they were kept for 100 years. Some thought that eggs cooked on Good Friday and eaten on Easter would promote fertility and prevent sudden death, and it became the custom to have your eggs blessed before you ate them. It was also said that if your egg had two yolks, you’d soon become rich. In Devon and Cornwall, people used to play a game like conkers with their eggs, hitting them against each other until one of them cracked.



One tradition just about clings on in some parts of England – the ‘pace egg’, and pace egg plays. The word ‘pace’ comes from ‘paschal’, the Latin name for Easter. They were hard boiled hen, duck or goose eggs with a colourful shell.

The first mention of pace eggs comes from early 18th-century Lancashire, and they grew in popularity over the century. They were given as presents or at pace egg plays, and sometimes they were rolled along the ground in a race – perhaps to symbolise the rolling away of the stone from Jesus’ tomb. There’s still an annual egg rolling event in Preston. The world’s most famous egg roll takes place every year on the White House lawn in Washington DC.

Pace egg plays can still be found in Lancashire and West Yorkshire, with one of the most famous at Heptonstall. They’re a little like mummers’ plays, or medieval mystery plays, and many feature St George – whose story we tell at our St George’s Day events across the country.

The first English chocolate egg was sold by Fry’s in 1873. Since then they’ve become hugely popular – 80 million are sold in the UK each year – and the pace egg has all but vanished. But we can show you how to make your own – and it’s up to you whether you eat it, smash it or roll it!



Any eggs can be used to make pace eggs, although white egg shells will produce more vivid results. Allow 10-12 minutes boiling time for large hens eggs or 15 minutes for duck eggs.

You can either boil the colourant (the same quantities as listed below) along with 1 tablespoon of white wine vinegar in with the eggs or submerge the hard boiled eggs in a dye bath after they have been cooked. To make the dye bath use 250ml water to the same quantity of colourant listed below plus 1 tablespoon of white wine vinegar. The more dye you use the more vibrant the effect! You may also want to wear rubber gloves to avoid your hands getting stained.


  • Red – 2-3 tsp cochineal
  • Yellow – 2-3 tsp turmeric
  • Blue or Green – ¼-½ tsp food colouring paste (I’ve tried spinach but wasn’t happy with the results)
  • Orange – either boil the brown skins of 2 – 3 large onions separately to make a dye bath or boil them with the eggs.


Once the eggs have cooled, use kitchen towel to smear flavourless oil over each one. Gently rub this off to give the eggs a bit of a shine. Store in the fridge until required.

Strips of dyed rags can also be tied around the egg before boiling – this will give the shells a marbled effect when the colour runs from the material. You could also draw on the shell with wax before placing it in the dye, which leaves a white inscription on a coloured background. You could also use a very sharp, pointed knife to inscribe a design on the surface by carefully removing the colour and revealing the white shell underneath.


We will focus the conversation on the following questions:

  1. What is an easter egg? Define.
  2. Which is the background of Easter Eggs according to the article?
  3. What are pace eggs?
  4. How to make your own pace eggs?
  5. Would you like to do an easter egg? Which colour would you like?

Here we leave you some vocabulary you can use during the talk: 

  • Shrove Tuesday: Comes from the word ‘shrive’, which means to give absolution after hearing confession. So Shrove Tuesday is the day when people went to confession to prepare themselves for Lent, which begins on the following day, Ash Wednesday.
  • Cochineal : A scarlet dye used for colouring food, made from the crushed dried bodies of a female scale insect.
  • Turmeric : A bright yellow aromatic powder obtained from the rhizome of a plant of the ginger family, used for flavouring and colouring in Asian cooking and formerly as a fabric dye.
  • Tbs : The amount held by a tablespoon, in the UK considered to be 15 millilitres when used as a measurement in cooking.
  • Marbled effect : Such an effect obtained by transferring floating colours from a bath of gum solution.
  • Mummers’ plays : A traditional English folk play, of a type often associated with Christmas and popular in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The plot typically features Saint George and involves the miraculous resurrection of a character.
  • Medieval mystery plays : Focused on the representation of Bible stories in churches as tableaux with accompanying antiphonal song.
  • Pace egg : Are eggs specially decorated for a festival at Easter-time.

Topic 2: Tradition

Is tradition important?

Some see it as essential to maintaining stability in a rapidly changing world; while others view it as a senseless anchor, holding back the tide of progression.


We will focus the conversation on the following questions:

  1. Give a definition of tradition. Does it has the same meaning as culture?
  2. What are the examples given in the video which are in favour of tradition?
  3. If the world changes, will there be new traditions?
  4. Which traditional features should never disappear, which ones could disappear? Think about tradition of all cultures.
  5. Do you consider tradition important? Why? Why not?

Here we leave you some vocabulary you can use during the talk:

  • Heritage: property that is or may be inherited; an inheritance.
  • Tradition: the transmission of customs or beliefs from generation to generation, or the fact of being passed on in this way.
  • Culture: he ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a particular people or society.
  • Progression: the process of developing or moving gradually towards a more advanced state.
  • Cultural change: is used by sociologists and in public policy to denote the way society is changed.
  • Common law: the part of English law that is derived from custom and judicial precedent rather than statutes.
  • Veneer civilization: a superficial appearance, especially one that is pleasing.
  • Unashamed: being without guilt, self-consciousness, or doubt.

Topic 3: Video Games

«The Negative side of video games»

The negative effects of video games include effects on our mind, body relationships, job performance, and more.

Episode 17


We will focus the conversation on the following questions:

  1. Gaming is it good or bad? Why?
  2. Which are the most important negative effects of gaming?
  3. Can you become obsessed with playing video games? How?
  4. Which other negative effects would you consider that video games produce in your brain?
  5. Give your opinion about this topic freely Do you consider it interesting?

Here we leave you some vocabulary you can use during the talk:

  • Alexithymia: the inability to recognize or describe one’s own emotions.
  • Dopamine: is a neurotransmitter that plays a role in pleasure, motivation, and learning. It’s also linked to some major diseases.
  • Trigger finger: a condition in which one of your fingers gets stuck in a bent position.
  • Recreational hobby: a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one’s leisure time.
  • Toxic: very harmful or unpleasant in a pervasive or insidious way.
  • Inherently: in a permanent, essential, or characteristic way.
  • Neurotransmitter: a chemical substance which is released at the end of a nerve fibre by the arrival of a nerve impulse and, by diffusing across the synapse or junction, effects the transfer of the impulse to another nerve fibre, a muscle fibre, or some other structure.
  • Triumph circuit: is the part of our brain that makes us feel good when we overcome a challenge.

Topic 4: Culture

«Learn a New culture»

We all see the world through cultural glasses, by changing glasses you can change the way you perceive the behaviours of others.


We will focus the conversation on the following questions:

  1. Is the culture important?
  2. Which is the most lack of culture you had encounter in your life?
  3. Which you believe is the most developed cultural place?
  4. Which culture you like to learn?
  5. Do you agree with the idea of that learning a new culture is important?

Here we leave you some vocabulary you can use during the talk: 

  • Behave: act or conduct oneself in a specified way, especially towards others.
  • Communication: the imparting or exchanging of information by speaking, writing, or using some other medium.
  • Cultural boundary: the geographical term for the border between two different ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups.
  • Personal space: the physical space immediately surrounding someone, into which encroachment can feel threatening or uncomfortable.
  • Inner self: is an individual’s personal, internal identity – one that is distinct from identities defined by external, social forces and relationships. It is closely linked to a person’s values, beliefs, goals and motivations.
  • Outer self: is generally concerned with material things, such as how you present yourself (hair, clothes, etc.), as well as groups you belong to or personas that you portray.
  • Cultural differences: involves the integrated and maintained system of socially acquired values, beliefs, and rules of conduct which impact the range of accepted behaviors distinguishable from one societal group to another.

Topic 5: Power

«What is power?»

Many assume power comes from “outside-in.


Many assume power comes from “outside-in.” They believe power is granted to a person by someone else. They see power as a position or title, which comes with authority and control, and a belief in the form of supremacy over others.

Others believe that real power comes from “inside-out.” They maintain that power is the ability of each individual to cultivate by themselves. Real power is increased within a person simply by the choices they make, the actions they take, and the thoughts they create.

I define power differently. It doesn’t matter what the organizational chart says. Power is available to everyone, no matter their position or title.

Real power is influence, and it increases as we offer more support to others. Being powerful is more about giving support than getting support. Contrary to what you may have thought about power, service is the highest form of leadership. Serving others is a key to sustainable growth. And it creates the kind of influence that truly powerful people wield—the kind that resonates and uplifts.

Real power is clarity, and it gets stronger with discipline. Having power is more about creating an environment that encourages every individual to engage in their own form of self-discipline. That’s not to say discipline never comes from above, but by empowering each member of an organization to be accountable, discipline from above will not be required as frequently. Discipline brings clarity to any situation, increasing an individual’s power.

Real power is energy, and it intensifies from inside as our insight and self-understanding grow. Insight is an integral element of being powerful. A person with real power does not influence the world around him or her without consideration of the bigger picture that begins inside. From my experience with this vantage point, true growth—both personal and professional—is far more likely. Insightful individuals are able to tap into an internal energy that is felt by others as power.

Real power is impact, and it grows as we focus on our creativity. Creating the future is not about waving a magic wand. It is a concrete practice that serves the purpose of being powerful with a purpose. Creative solutions make an impact—on people, organizations, and societies. Real power sometimes comes from the unlikeliest of places.

Real power is confidence, and it rises as we better understand and live our values. What do you stand for? When you speak about your values and act accordingly, you increase your power because you are confident in your assertions. The power is palpable—and effective.

Power Is Contagious

Once anyone in a group chooses to become more powerful, everyone around that person becomes more powerful. Research supports this view. Scientists have found that positive emotions spread from person to person in a work environment. An individual’s or group’s emotion plays a strong role in the behavior of an organization.

Studies show that positive mood or emotion enhances creative problem solving, cooperation, decision quality, overall performance, the search for creative solutions, and confidence in being able to achieve positive outcomes. One study by Yale researcher Sigal Barsade, PhD, found that a spread of positive emotion is associated with improved cooperation, decreased conflict, and increased task performance in the workplace. The call it “the ripple effect.”

I’ve experienced this cascading effect again and again throughout my career. I call it viral engagement.

How To Increase Organizational Power

When an organization builds effective, integrated strategies in six areas—customer, competition, financial capital, cost, community, and climate—they establish the conditions for creating real power. When the organization deploys plans in the following areas, a truly powerful organization is created:

Measure and improve employee engagement; ensure diversity and gender-balanced leadership; consistently assess, improve, and expand employee “hard and soft” skillsets; add new skillsets when necessary; align team members around a values-based vision for the future; and build a change-adaptive culture to meet accelerating changes in market needs tied to management’s strategic decisions.

What could happen if your organization recognized where true power comes from?

We will focus the conversation on the following questions:

  1. If I ask you what power is how would you define it?
  2. Can you build Power?
  3. When you hear the word power, which famous names comes to your mind?
  4. Which is the real power according the article?
  5. Can power be contagious?

Here we leave you some vocabulary you can use during the talk:

  • Insight: the capacity to gain an accurate and deep understanding of someone or something.
  • Self-understanding: awareness of and ability to understand one’s own actions.
  • Discipline: the practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behaviour, using punishment to correct disobedience.
  • Influence: the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something, or the effect itself.
  • Unlikeliest: not likely to happen, be done, or be true; improbable.
  • Role of behaviour: the behaviour expected of an individual who occupies a given social position or status.
  • The ripple effect: the continuing and spreading results of an event or action.
  • Integrated strategies: processes that businesses can use to enhance their competitiveness, efficiency or market share by expanding their influence into new areas.


Topic 6: Free topic

Do you find these topics boring or uninteresting? Don’t worry. Dilo gives you the opportunity to choose your own topic for a conversation class.
Think of some vocabulary you would like to learn related to your topic and send us some information about it with the subject «Free topic». We are sure your ideas will be very good 😁

Página web www.dilodilo.es